Acne During Pregnancy

Pregnancy is known to come with a number of surprises. When a woman is pregnant her body takes a new turn altogether. There is normally the emergence of elevated hormone levels. These elevated hormone levels have a direct effect on a pregnant woman’s skin. Most of the times, pregnancy in women is recognized by observing the skin changes, one of the common skin changes due to elevated hormone levels is acne.

Acne During Pregnancy – Another thing to expect when you are expecting !

Most people think that acne is a condition that is experienced by individuals with oily faces and most probably at puberty age of any teenager, but you are all wrong. Acne can be experienced when you least it. And one of such special cases in which acne manifest itself is during pregnancy. Pregnant women do have a series of fluctuating hormone levels. These series of fluctuating hormone levels are the most effective causes of acne during pregnancy. However, the condition is not that irritating. In fact, some women do consider the appearance of acne as a sign of pregnancy. The same way acne was considered as a sign of maturing at puberty stage.

The worst case scenario can be evident when a pregnant woman was initially suffering from acne before the pregnancy developed. Normally, such women are likely to suffer from advanced effects of the skin disorder.

Dermatology Procedure Treatment

However, there exists a medical procedure which is known to be effective in eradicating acne during pregnancy. This fortunate medical procedure is called dermatology. Dermatology is usually carried out by a dermatologist. Dermatology involves a series of treatment of skin disorders including acne. The treatment is accompanied by a number of drugs that are prescribed in relation to any other medication a pregnant woman is required to take.

Dermatology is meant to reverse the effects of pregnancy acne. Basically, there exist two major causes of pregnancy acne, which are: hormone surges-hormone surges during pregnancy result into instabilities of progesterone. This instabilities result into increased secretions which consequently result into acne. The second cause involves increased amounts of fluids that are stored by the body. The fluids are known to contain toxic substances which consequently lead to the formation of acne on a woman’s skin.

Dermatology involves a number of treatment options, such treatment options are: Accutane; this medication is meant to treat acne and it is orally administered. Retin A; this one is a cream remedy meant to treat pregnancy acne. Tetracycline; this medication is administered orally to treat acne and other infections. However, a pregnant woman advised not to take the medication, not unless she has been examined by a dermatologist. These medications are known to be harmful to the growing baby in the uterus.

As a pregnant woman, you can improve n your skin appearance by practicing the following skin care tips: make use of moisturizers on a daily basis. Moisturizers have the effect of keeping the skin soft and smooth; clean of the faces regularly, at times sweat and dirt may be potential causes of acne, so through cleaning of the face is essential.

Useful Facts about Birth Control and Acne

Do you know that birth control pills help manage acne condition? If your acne condition resists any treatments, it is possible that you have hormonal imbalance. If you suffer from this problem in your body, birth control pills can help you. Read more about this breakthrough discovery as well as the useful facts of birth control and acne.

Oral contraceptives or birth control pills are made of a combination of estrogen and progestin. These components change the internal hormonal patterns and control the natural reproductive cycles of a woman’s body. The pills decrease the testosterone amount within the woman’s body and reduce hormonal acne breakouts. If production of testosterone is reduced, there would be lesser production of oil from the sebaceous glands, thus lesser blockages of pores that lead to acne breakout.

Effects and improvements on the acne problem are usually noticed after 2-3 months (or more) of birth control pills use. Before using birth control pills, make sure that you secure right prescription from your doctor as there are some pills that may give harmful effects that will worsen your acne condition. Birth control pills are also used as combination in curing the acne of PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.

The birth control pills approved by FDA (Food and Drug Administration) for acne treatments are Yaz, Estrostep, and Ortho Tri-Cyclen. Expect below listed side effects as you intake these pills:

• Depression
• High Blood Pressure
• Gallstones
• Headaches
• Strokes/Heart Attacks
• Blood Clots
• Mood Swings
• Menstrual Spotting
• Breast Tenderness
• Weight Gain
• Nausea

Another leading brand of birth control pills available today is the Yasmin, which is also popularly used by many women. This pill controls particular hormones known as androgens, and is responsible for the production of oil. Since it reduces the skin’s oil production, it also prevents clogging pores that develop acne.

For severe acne conditions, doctors normally prescribe effective medication known as isotretinoin, which is sold as Accuntane. This medication is highly effective and very powerful, and definitely should be used by pregnant women. It has components that can damage fetus, thus patients who will undergo the medication are required to do two negative pregnancy tests before taking the medication. The tests are usually done one week before taking the pills.

Adding a backup method of birth control would be advisable if you are using pills combined with antibiotics since it will not protect you from pregnancy.

Some of the above mentioned side effects would disappear after some months of use or as the body recognized the changes of hormonal balance. The side effects may also vary depending on the combination of birth control pills being intake.

The use of birth control pills or oral contraceptives for acne management or treatment depends on the personal decision or choice of a woman. It is suggested for women to assess possible consequences before taking the medication. On top of this, women must also consult prescription from physicians to know the ideal kind or brand of pills for their condition. Using birth control pills that do not match the treatment requirements will only worsen the acne condition.

Pregnancy and Eating Disorders

pregnancy eating disorder

Under normal conditions a woman’s body may significantly survive within given levels of dietary. However, when a woman is pregnant everything changes. A pregnant woman is need of extra energy for the growing baby in the womb. Ideally, a pregnant woman is in need of great amounts of physical strength and psychological strength. Normally, the growing baby in the womb obtains all the necessary nourishments from the mother’s blood stream.

This sole dependency of the growing baby on the mother’s food stores means that the mother must maintain her nutritional standards at all times. There is no room for the mother to run short of any nutrients. Any deficiency of essential nutrients in an expectant woman’s body may significantly render both the mom and the child vulnerable of possible eventualities. One of the major setbacks of poor nutrition to expectant women is malnutrition severity.

The most probable weight gain for a pregnant woman ranges between twenty five pounds and thirty five pounds. The weight of a pregnant woman is expected to range between the two intervals. However, by any chance that an expectant women’s weight falls below twenty five pounds, then she is on the edge of experiencing the worst.

Among the various eating disorders, restrictive eating disorder is one of the commonest eating disorder most women face during pregnancy. This condition prevails in women who concentrate more on beauty rather than the fact that they are pregnant and they need to eat. Medically, such women can easily fall victims of malnourished severity.

Unlike restrictive eating disorder, binge eating disorder is known to present even undesired conditions. An expectant woman who eats more than enough in a given meal and then tries to control the effects is most likely to gain more weight than the expected ones. As stated above, an expectant woman is not supposed to exceed more than thirty five pounds.

Nevertheless, excessive eating may render such women vulnerable of a number of medical conditions. The commonest effects that an expectant woman can possibly face consist of heart disease as well as blood pressure problems. Ideally, the baby will attain all the necessary nutrients but the mom is the one will be widely endangered.

Here are some of the commonest eventualities that may befall an expectant woman: complications during labor; problems when nursing; occasional post-partum depression; poor and undesired nutrition; heart related problems including-hypertension, heart failure; occasional premature births; gestational diabetes; and severe depression accompanied by extreme anxiety and stress. The major risks that are imposed on the growing baby consist of the following: poor and undesired progressive development; premature birth; occasional respiratory distress; as well as perinatal difficulties.

Here are some major measures that a pregnant woman struggling with eating disorders must do: open up to your prenatal health advisor of any possible eating disorders that have befallen you in the past and present times; make frequent visits to a nutritionist in the event that you learn that you are experiencing eating disorders; and avail yourself to some reliable eating disorder support groups.

Facts, Myths, and Consequences of Teen Pregnancy

teen pregnancy

The problem of teen pregnancy is no longer new in the society today. It has been one of the rampant issues being faced by the society today especially those parents dealing with the issue. In this article, we will learn more about the facts, myths, and consequences of teen pregnancy as well as its insights. Read along and know.

Seventy-nine percent of teenage pregnancies are not married. Girls between 12 and 14 years old who had sexual intercourse claim that their pregnancy was not planned. They have to sex primarily because their boyfriends wanted them to or it was involuntary. Sex for younger ages is likely involuntary since it is usually a first time act for them. In the United States, teenage girls from the African-Americans and Hispanics hold the highest rate of teenage pregnancy cases.

Only few of teenage girls who become pregnant go on completing their high school or college degrees. This is because they usually engage themselves as full-time moms to their babies or do not have sufficient funds to pursue their studies. Babies born from teenage pregnancies have high risk of being premature, weaker, neglected, abused, bullied, and performing poorly in school.

Almost all teenage mothers usually end up in safety institutions but some end up in abortion. After their first birth, they usually have their second baby within three years. Sons of teenage mothers have chances of going to prison when reach adulthood while the daughters are likely to become teenage mothers too. Children raised by teenage parents are likely experience early sexual encounters. Poverty is another resulting factor from teenage pregnancy.

According to myth, a teenage boy who fathered a baby is not required to pay for child support. This myth is not true as no matter how young a father is, he is obliged to support his child until he or she reaches 18 years old. Certain laws have been made to protect unwed mothers.

Some people say that a woman cannot get pregnant while she is young. This myth is so untrue as pregnancy is much higher for younger girls since they are more fertile while young boys have healthier sperms. Pregnancy may still occur even if you have sexual intercourse during your period. This is because semen can live inside the woman’s body for a week or more than, and then fertilize an egg as you ovulate consequently.

Penal sexual intercourse may also result to pregnancy as long as there is body contact between you and your partner, or your partner ejaculates anywhere in your region. If your partner ejaculates outside of you, pregnancy may still occur, as there might be liquid traces of pre-ejaculation that contain sperms.

The consequences of teenage pregnancy include health risks both for the unborn baby and for the mother. If not taken properly, teenage mothers are likely to suffer emotional, social, and health problems. They may also face plenty of medical complications such as emotional distress and premature labor. There are various reasons why a teenage girl becomes pregnant. It could be due to casual dating, long tern dating relationships, and sometimes-even rape. Teenage pregnancy cannot be controlled by any forms of birth control measures. The best way to control is a teenage girl or boy should avoid engaging to sexual activities until they are mature enough to understand it.

Know about Hair Loss and Pregnancy

pregnancy hair loss

Women commonly experience hair loss as effect from their pregnancy. This effect is caused by numerous hormonal modifications that occur during pregnancy period. However, such effect is easily prevented with the proper regime. Moreover, hair loss effect may vary accordingly to the body type of a woman and the regime that she’s using to prevent hair loss. Let us learn more on the things you need to know about hair loss and pregnancy as we go along this article.

For pregnant women, the increased levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone in the body can prevent hair fall. Because of the hormones, hair in the resting phase shifts to a protected phase. As this happens, scalp hair becomes thicker and sometimes even thicker than the normal hair. However, once a woman delivers her baby, the metabolism of her body begins to stabilize while the hormone levels return to normal. Consequently, those hairs at protected phase will return to resting phase and begin to fall off, which will last from 1 to 6 months after child birth. The hair loss can be severe but will not result to visible baldness. Within a year, normal hair growth cycle will resume and new hair will begin to grow.

Other possible causes of hair loss in pregnant women are nutrition loss due to breastfeeding and post-pregnancy stress. There are some women who experience hair loss during pregnancy. Possible reason for this is the consumed amount of birth control pills before the pregnancy happened. In case hair loss increases during or after pregnancy, it would be better to consult a doctor.

As a normal occurrence, women would lose 30-100 strands of hair every day whether they wash or brush their hair. For pregnant women, hair loss is much lesser due to the hormonal changes happening in their body. Below are few hair loss solutions that women can use after pregnancy:

• After pregnancy, hair is more prone to breakage, thus it is essential to handle them with extra care while washing and brushing.

• To detangle hair, always use a wide-toothed comb especially when the hair is wet.

• Refrain using harmful chemicals on hair.

• Use shampoo and conditioner with hair fall prevention. Herbal products would be more appropriate.

• Do not tie up hair too tightly as it easily breaks hair or lead to hair fall. Make sure that hair is tied up loosely whether it is braiding or a ponytail.

• Maintain a nutritious diet. Foods rich in iron and with high protein are proven to be beneficial to the hair. Vitamin B complex, Vitamin C, and Vitamin A rich foods are also known for healthy hair growth. Intake of dairy products, eggs, garlic, onions, and fish is suggested.

• If possible, prevent using heating devices such as hair irons or dryers.

• Massage hair lightly with lavender oil, jojoba oil, or other essential oils.

• If the hair loss is severe, it would be best to try shorter hair style.

What are the Early Signs of Pregnancy

pregnancy signs

Being pregnant is a great milestone that every woman can achieve. However, not all women are not blessed with this milestone or not capable of bearing life. Regardless of this, it’s still fascinating to know that some women are given the chance to get pregnant. With pregnancy, every woman’s life is changed forever. Apart from pregnancy experience, dealing with the different signs of pregnancy can give great learning knowledge of motherhood life. This article will help you learn more about these signs as you start your journey to motherhood.

Early signs of pregnancy are usually mistaken by women as pre-menstrual symptoms. However, there are signs that really prove that a woman is pregnant. To confirm or check further on these signs, a woman can use pregnancy tests as option. The most common sign is missed period whereas women experience delays in their period for about a day or two. Sore breasts and nipples are also considered as early signs of pregnancy. The breasts can be painful to touch, be tender, and sensitive. Moreover, the areola around the nipples usually darkens almost a week post the conception. With this sign, the hormones of the woman prepare the body for lactation.

Nausea or morning sickness is also experienced as an early sign of pregnancy. Some pregnant women experience this sign during the first few weeks while some experience it after 4-7 weeks of pregnancy. During this sign, women’s body temperature increase. Mood swings are part of early signs of pregnancy since a pregnant woman’s body undergoes different changes. Their hormones are playing inside the body, hence women get moody. As pregnant women experience mood swings, they are more prone to have depression feeling. Along with mood swings, pregnant women can also feel restless and fatigue.

After 5-10 days of pregnancy inception, women will notice light discharge or spotting. This is known as implantation bleeding, which occurs when fertilized egg performs implantation. Along with this sign, pregnant women may also experience cramping or lower back pain.

Food craving
This is where women develop cravings for different kinds of foods. During this sign, women’s sense of smell increase, thus resulting to mouth-watering feeling. However, some women are not able to tolerate this sign which result to feeling of nausea or vomiting. As women crave for more food or certain food, they tend to gain weight in order to provide nutrition for their baby.

Frequent urination
It happens because of the hormone inside the woman’s body known as HCG or Human Chorionic Gonadotropin. Only small amount of urination occurs during this stage, however it may last the entire duration of pregnancy.

This happens because the bowel system of women undergoes different changes. Digestion slows down during this stage as food slowly passes the intestine due to progesterone.

Early signs of pregnancy vary from one woman to another. Regardless whether you are a first-time mother or with previous pregnancies already, the signs may differ. In case you are not sure of your noticed pregnancy signs, better take the tests to assure.

Dental Care during Pregnancy

Maternal dental care is at the heart of prenatal mother care. During conception and fetus growth, would be mothers lose vitamins and calcium that are important in strengthening the enamel and keeping the gums healthy. In a bid to maintain the dental integrity of mothers, dietary changes are recommended to supplement the loss of essential nutrients. Among the recommended foods are milk, fish, groundnuts, vegetables, and soya beans. These dietary supplements aid both the mother and unborn child in developing strong and healthy teeth. A pre-emptive approach to mother’s dental care is through dietary provisions meant to form the right chemical balance within the oral cavity.

Pregnancy can lead to dental problems in some women, below are pregnancy oral health guidelines discussed. The most prevalent dental ailment is gingivitisit causesgum inflammation. Pregnancy gingivitis is caused by changes occasioned by hormonal variations that bring about changes in blood flow to the gums. During pregnancy, fluid flow around the body becomes irregular and cause conditions such as Oedema. This fluid flow affects other soft tissues such as the gums and it is therefore prudent to regulate intake of fluid during pregnancy to keep balance of the water pressure in the body.

Oral health is essential for the overall wellbeing of the body;as aresult, pregnant women need to maintain dental care to boost their immunity and health. Some of the symptoms related to dental problems are nausea and in some women, behavioral changes such as anxiety and restlessness follow dental problems. Most expectant mothers experience bleeding and increased redness of the gums during the trimester of their pregnancy that causes mobility of the teeth. Although this phenomena is not caused by poor oral health practices, regular check-ups and dental care may reduce the condition. Colgate Palmolive suggests there is a link between gum diseases and premature births.

Pregnancy oral guidelines are used to give mothers precautionary stepsfor a healthy lifestyle during the pregnancy period. The most obvious and straightforward pre-emptive measure is brushing of the teeth after every meal. Although overlooked, brushing the teeth can eliminate the chances of contracting most dental disease especially cavities. Part of the oral hygiene for pregnant women includes dental flossing, this activities gets rid of food particles trapped within the gums thus eradicating possibilities of developing gingivitis. Dentists advice that expectant mothers should not scratch their gums incases they experience an irritating sensation since during pregnancy the gums are tender and may rapture due to constant scratching.

Due to pregnancy related complications, certain dental care practices such as x-rays, dental aesthetics, pain medication and antibiotics are not recommended during the first semester of pregnancy. Alteration in chemical balance of the body may be harmful to the unborn child leading to underweight birth or deformations. Expectants mothers should also keep away from habits that necessitate the use of the aforementioned treatments, these including eating sugary foods that cause cavities and vomiting that cause corrosion of the enamel by the gastric juices.

Pregnancy Week by Week

Every woman’s life is filled with surprises and challenges. But the happiest moment that a woman can experience in her life is discovering that she is pregnant. From this moment on, a woman will begin to think about the growth and future of her baby. Being pregnant is a miraculous event in every woman’s life. Just seeing how a baby emerges in the womb from a single cell is already a miracle. The episode of pregnancy condition for mothers as well as to the baby is very interesting especially for first-time moms. Mothers do not only notice and experience changes in their body but they also feel the excitement on how their baby grow in their womb. Read this article and get to know more about the pregnancy condition week by week.

The Episode of Pregnancy Week by Week

The first trimester of pregnancy condition consists of 1-12 weeks. This stage is very critical, hence pregnant women need extra care to make her body prepared for the development of the baby inside her womb. From this stage, a woman is required to have a pregnancy development calendar where she could records details of changes, weeks, and progress of her pregnancy. The most common symptoms during this sage include constipation, heartburn, dizziness, fatigue, missed period, nausea, breast tenderness, frequent urination, metallic taste, increased in body’s temperature, and sleep disturbances.

The second trimester of pregnancy condition consists of week 13 to 26. During this stage, the symptoms from the first trimester will start to decrease but various physical changes in the body will happen such as discomfort or ache in the abdomen, enlargement of the breast, and further growth. As the symptoms decrease, women will also feel healthy. Once pregnancy reaches week 13, chances of miscarriage already decrease.

Below is the complete list of symptoms and changes during week 14-26 of pregnancy:

  • Week 14 & 15 – increased constipation, indigestion, frequent urination, heartburn, headache, stretch marks and dark lines on the abdomen. Itching of the abdomen or stretch marks is also experienced.
  • Week 16 – fetal movement, increased in blood volume in the body, round ligament pain
  • Week 17 – morning sickness, increase in weight and body secretions due to fat development of the baby
  • Week 18 – fetal movements will be more obvious due to appearance of bubbly movements (across the belly) from the tiny feet, knees, and elbows of the baby
  • Week 19 – heartburn, pregnancy mask, dry, itchy & flaky skin due to hormonal changes
  • Week 20 – more prominent stretch marks around the belly, and sometimes feeling of breathless because baby starts to shift down to the pelvis
  • Week 21 – belly increases in size; hormonal levels become stabilized as the uterus begins to prepare for delivery in the coming weeks; increase of water content that may result to swollen ankles and feet
  • Week 22 – belly size is more prominent, steady weight gain, lower back pain
  • Week 23 – mood swings, movement of the baby increase in frequency and becomes more prominent
  • Week 24 – tightening of the uterus, more awareness on the baby’s movement inside
  • Week 25 – leg cramps, being bloated
  • Week 26 – increased pain and pressure in the pelvic region, ribs, and lower back; frequent skin eruptions and vaginal discharge

The third/last trimester of pregnancy condition consists of week 27-40. Here is a list of symptoms/changes that you will experience as the baby grows inside the womb:

  • Hip pain due to continuous weight gain of the baby and relaxing of joints (by pregnancy hormones) in the pelvic region
  • Increase in blood circulation that cause spider veins and small reddish spots
  • More pressure in the bladder region and frequent urination
  • Feeling of breathlessness due to expansion of uterus beneath the diaphragm and pressure of the lungs.
  • Swelling of the feet and ankles; numbness and tingling of the legs and hands.
  • Braxton Hicks contractions are experienced. These help warm-up the signs of real labor pains.

Pregnancy Exercises

Pregnancy exercises are beneficial and safe for the mothers and the babies. It keeps both the mother and the baby healthy and relaxed. Read this article and discover more about pregnancy exercises that are good and safe.

Pregnant women undergo many changes on their body week by week. To cope up with these changes, women are suggested to do regular exercises that will make them feel good about themselves, release wanted stress and energize their body. Pregnancy exercises strengthen the thigh, butt, and muscles that suffer lots of stress because of the growing uterus size. It also relieves backaches that are usually experience during pregnancy.

The Benefits of Pregnancy Exercises

Pregnancy exercises improve the supply of blood flow and oxygen to the fetus. It prepares the woman’s body for childbirth and minimizes the discomfort and pain for the time of delivery. The exercises will also help the woman’s body for post-delivery as it helps recovers well from the process of labor. Nevertheless, pregnancy exercises should be safe in a way that it is low or light impact without causing any injury of slipping or falling.

Before a pregnant woman begins with her exercises, she should consult her doctor first and discuss her exercise regime. Normally, the doctor will give her some guidelines that should be followed in doing the exercises. In case the woman is already performing exercises before she got pregnant, she can do some modifications on her old exercise regime by eliminating activities of deep knee bends, full sit-ups, bouncing, jumping, and more. On the other hand, pregnancy exercises are not recommended for those who have problems such as low placenta, history of miscarriage, and vaginal bleeding.

The most common and safest pregnancy exercises include walking, swimming, cycling, yoga, and fitness ball. Walking is beneficial for the abdominal muscles and knee muscles of pregnant women. It should begin with low speed as it increases to moderate speed. This exercise should be done 30 minutes for about 3-4 times a week. Swimming is the best exercise for pregnant women as it increases the flexibility and strength of various muscles in the body. It also relieves the pain in the joints caused by body weight increase.

Yoga exercises come in different forms for pregnant women. It focuses on stretching particular muscles in the body that are stressed during childbirth and pregnancy. It checks on the blood pressure and heart rate too. It also gives a sense of oneness between soul, body, and mind as you feel the connection between you and your baby inside the womb. However, yoga exercises that involve extreme body stretching should be avoided.

Fitness ball tones up the abdominal muscles of pregnant women and gives flexibility as well. Sitting on the fitness ball allows pregnant women to practice deep breathing exercises, which are beneficial for their delivery.

Above mentioned exercises should be clearly discuss by pregnant women with their doctors as there are some tips that must be followed before performing the exercise. In case the exercises make you feel tired of uncomfortable, stop immediately and consult your doctor. In addition, always wear clothes that are breathable, and shoes that are fitted for easy exercising. Keeping the body hydrated (before exercising) is also very important.

Diabetes and Pregnancy

Having a healthy body is important when planning for pregnancy. However, achieving this can be difficult especially if a woman has a medical condition that prevents her from being pregnant. One of the common medical conditions that greatly affect pregnancy is diabetes. Read along this article and discover more about the highlights of diabetes and pregnancy in women’s lives.

Facts about Diabetes and Pregnancy

Diabetes refers to medical condition wherein the body is not able to produce insulin, which is an essential hormone that aids the body to absorb glucose and convert it into energy. It comes in different types that include gestational diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and type 1 diabetes. The causes of these diabetes may vary depending on its type.

Gestational diabetes is also called as temporary diabetes, which is usually diagnosed during pregnancy. Women tend to exhibit high levels of blood sugar or glucose during pregnancy, thus developing gestational diabetes. The exact reason of having this type of diabetes is still unknown but there are symptoms listed. The symptoms include vision problems, frequent urinary tract and bladder infections, nausea, fatigue or excessive tiredness, increased hunger, frequent urination, and unusual excessive thirst.

Above mentioned symptoms (except frequent infections and blurred vision) in gestational diabetes are experienced by most pregnant women due to hormonal changes and exerted pressure of the growing embryo inside the body. Because of this, gestational diabetes is said to be asymptomatic.

The type 1 diabetes refers to medical condition wherein the body fails to generate beta cells that are known to be the insulin generating cells. It is called as idiopathic diabetes, which is a result of insulin deficiency. It is also referred as autoimmune disorder wherein the body fails to determine the difference between the host, and the tissues and guest cells. Because of this, the body creates rebel cells that combat the guest cells, which are actually its own insulin generating cells. The exact cause of this diabetic condition is still unknown but it is said to be genetic.

Women accompanied with type 1 diabetes during pregnancy may lead to inborn defects to the baby related to the nervous system and mental health. In order to avoid these things from happening, it is best to acquire initial care and proper planning during pregnancy. A1C hemoglobin test is important for pregnant women to ensure their diabetes blood sugar levels. Prior to conception, the A1C levels should be maintained below six or seven. Constant medical examination, maintaining diet, and regular exercising during pregnancy are also essential.

Type 2 diabetes is a medical condition wherein body cells build up insulin resistance. Since the cells do not take action to the hormone insulin, it does not absorb glucose from blood. As this happens, blood glucose levels get high. Lowering the elevated levels of the blood glucose is no longer possible with type 2 diabetes since the amount of insulin is no longer sufficient.

Type 2 diabetes condition may bring various complications to pregnancy. During the first trimester of pregnancy, sugar levels might get high, thus increasing the chances of birth defects and miscarriages. On third trimester of pregnancy, babies can achieve larger size than its normal size. Baby can get overweight; hence, caesarean delivery would be an option for pregnant women. High levels of blood sugar during pregnancy can result to serious to symptoms of high blood pressure such as swelling in the feet and face.