Diabetes and Pregnancy

Having a healthy body is important when planning for pregnancy. However, achieving this can be difficult especially if a woman has a medical condition that prevents her from being pregnant. One of the common medical conditions that greatly affect pregnancy is diabetes. Read along this article and discover more about the highlights of diabetes and pregnancy in women’s lives.

Facts about Diabetes and Pregnancy

Diabetes refers to medical condition wherein the body is not able to produce insulin, which is an essential hormone that aids the body to absorb glucose and convert it into energy. It comes in different types that include gestational diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and type 1 diabetes. The causes of these diabetes may vary depending on its type.

Gestational diabetes is also called as temporary diabetes, which is usually diagnosed during pregnancy. Women tend to exhibit high levels of blood sugar or glucose during pregnancy, thus developing gestational diabetes. The exact reason of having this type of diabetes is still unknown but there are symptoms listed. The symptoms include vision problems, frequent urinary tract and bladder infections, nausea, fatigue or excessive tiredness, increased hunger, frequent urination, and unusual excessive thirst.

Above mentioned symptoms (except frequent infections and blurred vision) in gestational diabetes are experienced by most pregnant women due to hormonal changes and exerted pressure of the growing embryo inside the body. Because of this, gestational diabetes is said to be asymptomatic.

The type 1 diabetes refers to medical condition wherein the body fails to generate beta cells that are known to be the insulin generating cells. It is called as idiopathic diabetes, which is a result of insulin deficiency. It is also referred as autoimmune disorder wherein the body fails to determine the difference between the host, and the tissues and guest cells. Because of this, the body creates rebel cells that combat the guest cells, which are actually its own insulin generating cells. The exact cause of this diabetic condition is still unknown but it is said to be genetic.

Women accompanied with type 1 diabetes during pregnancy may lead to inborn defects to the baby related to the nervous system and mental health. In order to avoid these things from happening, it is best to acquire initial care and proper planning during pregnancy. A1C hemoglobin test is important for pregnant women to ensure their diabetes blood sugar levels. Prior to conception, the A1C levels should be maintained below six or seven. Constant medical examination, maintaining diet, and regular exercising during pregnancy are also essential.

Type 2 diabetes is a medical condition wherein body cells build up insulin resistance. Since the cells do not take action to the hormone insulin, it does not absorb glucose from blood. As this happens, blood glucose levels get high. Lowering the elevated levels of the blood glucose is no longer possible with type 2 diabetes since the amount of insulin is no longer sufficient.

Type 2 diabetes condition may bring various complications to pregnancy. During the first trimester of pregnancy, sugar levels might get high, thus increasing the chances of birth defects and miscarriages. On third trimester of pregnancy, babies can achieve larger size than its normal size. Baby can get overweight; hence, caesarean delivery would be an option for pregnant women. High levels of blood sugar during pregnancy can result to serious to symptoms of high blood pressure such as swelling in the feet and face.

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