Pregnancy. The body of a pregnant woman

Genitals during pregnancy

Uterus. During pregnancy, the size, shape, position, consistency and reactivity (excitability) of the uterus change. The uterus gradually enlarges throughout the pregnancy. The enlargement of the uterus occurs mainly due to hypertrophy of the muscle fibers of the uterus; at the same time there is a multiplication of muscle fibers, the growth of newly formed muscle elements of the reticular-fibrous and argyrophilic “frame” of the uterus.

The uterus is not only a fruit receptacle that protects the fetus from adverse external influences, but also a metabolic organ that provides the fetus with enzymes, complex compounds necessary for the plastic processes of a rapidly developing fetus.

During pregnancy, the vagina lengthens, expands, the folds of the mucous membrane appear sharper. The external genitals are loosened during pregnancy.

Pregnant woman lifestyle, regimen, nutrition and hygiene

Pregnancy. The body of a pregnant woman

The developing fetus receives all the necessary nutrients from the mother. The well-being of the fetus depends entirely on the health of the mother, her working conditions, rest, diet, the state of the nervous and endocrine systems.

Pregnant women are exempt from night shifts, heavy physical work, work associated with body vibration or adverse effects on the body of chemical. substances. During pregnancy, you should avoid sudden movements, heavy lifting and significant fatigue. A pregnant woman needs to sleep at least 8 hours a day. Walking is recommended before bed.

A pregnant woman must be carefully protected from infectious diseases that pose a particular danger to the pregnant woman’s body and the fetus.

During pregnancy, you must especially carefully monitor the purity of the skin. Purity of the skin promotes the elimination of metabolic products harmful to the body with sweat.

Pregnancy. The body of a pregnant woman

During pregnancy, it is recommended to shower and avoid overheating the body. Air and sun baths are recommended for healthy pregnant women.

A pregnant woman should wash her external genitals with warm water and soap twice a day. Douching during pregnancy should be administered with great care.

During pregnancy, you should carefully monitor the state of the oral cavity and make the necessary sanitation.

The mammary glands should be washed daily with warm water and soap and wiped off with a towel. These methods prevent cracked nipples and mastitis. If the nipples are flat or inverted, massage them.

A pregnant woman’s clothes should be comfortable and loose: do not wear tightening belts, tight bras, etc. In the second half of pregnancy, it is recommended to wear a bandage that should support the abdomen, but not squeeze it.

Exercising during pregnancy

Physical education during pregnancy improves the general condition of a woman, has a beneficial effect on the autonomic nervous system, helps to reduce the symptoms of pregnancy toxicosis, shorten the duration of labor and a more prosperous postpartum period. Her special tasks are: strengthening the abdominal muscles; improvement of pushing activity during childbirth; prevention of sagging abdomen and prolapse of internal organs; strengthening and increasing the elasticity of the pelvic floor muscles to prevent prolapse and prolapse of internal genital organs; strengthening of the entire musculature of the body, especially the muscles of the back, on which the greatest load falls when walking, due to a shift in the center of gravity during pregnancy; increased mobility of the joints of the pelvis and spine; training in the skill of breathing during childbirth, improving the function of external respiration in order to enhance the oxidative processes of the body necessary for the development of the fetus.

Physical exercise is indicated for all women with normal pregnancies, as well as pregnant women with diseases of the cardiovascular system in the stage of compensation.

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